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Peruvian Guinea Pig

By | Last Updated : 11th May 2020

The Peruvian guinea pig, also called Peruvian cavy, is one of the most spectacular breeds of domestic guinea pigs best known for its fabulous, long fur. It is one of the earliest long-haired breeds that were selectively bred for taking part in shows and competitions in Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina during the 15th century. It was exported to Paris in 1886-87 and brought to the UK and the US shortly after. The Peruvian cavy was shown in the US according to the breed standards of National Breeders and Fanciers of America. The breed was later recognized by the American Cavy Breeders Association (ACBA).

Peruvian Guinea Pig

Basic Information

Kept As: Indoor/outdoor pet, show cavy
Suited For: Experienced owners, families with older children
Origin: Peru, Bolivia, Argentina
Temperament: Lovable, curious, alert, fun-loving
Hypoallergenic: No
Lifespan: 6-8 years
Association/Clubs: Peruvian Varieties Cavy Club
Breed Standard: American Cavy Breeders Association

How Big do They Get

Size: 10-14 inches long

Weight: 1-3 lbs

Height: 11-15 inches

Width: About 11-15 inches

Agouti Peruvian Guinea Pig

What do They Look Like

Fur Length: Can reach the floor, about 12-14 inches long

Fur Texture: Smooth, long, even, grows from back to front, with multiple rosettes

Color: Agouti, tricolor, marked, bicolor, solid

Tricolor Peruvian Guinea Pig
Marked Peruvian Guinea Pig

Care Level

Aside from cleaning its cage and focusing on excellent hygiene, its hairs need to be regularly clipped or rolled up with wraps to prevent them from getting dirty or matted.

Cage Size

An indoor cage of minimum dimensions 30 X 36 X 20 inches with 1080 sq. inches floor space; a large, predator-proof, wooden hutch with a run may be used to keep it outdoors

Solid Peruvian Guinea Pig
Bicolor Peruvian Guinea Pig

Diet

Unlimited fresh timothy hay (comprises 80% of its regular diet), 1-2 cups of vegetables (carrots, cabbages, leafy greens), 1/8-1/6 cups of pellets, a few pieces of apples and bananas as treats per day

Grooming

Regularly brush its fur, using a soft brush, in the direction of its growth to remove tangles and loose hairs; when its hairs hit the floor trim them away from its body with small scissors; bathe with a detangler and shampoo every four to five months

Activity

Let it run outside its enclosure or around the house for about an hour, provide your pet with paper towel rolls or cardboard boxes to play with, you can also offer some safe cat toys such as a ball

Cost

Prices of Peruvian guinea pigs run around $20-$30, while the average cost of keeping them is about $800-$1100 per year

Shedding

Moderately sheds all year round, but more profoundly in spring and autumn, during which the amount of hair shed can be minimized with regular brushing

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