Sucralfate for Dogs

What is Sucralfate (Carafate) and how does it work in dogs

Sucralfate is an anti-ulcer medication beneficial for the prevention of oral, intestinal, and stomach ulcers, including those caused by the intake of NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like aspirin. [1, 2]

Its aluminum salt content helps in forming a barrier over the ulcer, thus protecting it from stomach acids so it can get the time to heal. It is also useful for preventing further damage to the lining of the intestines and stomach. [2, 3, 4]

Generic name Sucralfate
Brand name Carafate [1]
Active ingredients Sucralfate, glucose, sucrose, aluminum salt [3, 10]
Is it approved by FDA No [9]
Who can take it Prescribed for dogs, cats, and humans [1, 3]
Availability Prescribed by doctors
Available forms Suspension, 1 gm tablet [3]

What is Sucralfate prescribed for in dogs

Sucralfate is often prescribed for prevention and management of ulcers in the stomach, intestines, mouth, and esophagus of household pets such as dogs as well as cats. [1, 2]

Sucralfate

Although the FDA has not approved this prescription-only-medicine, you can give your dog Sucralfate under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian. [1]

Sucralfate Safe Dosage

Carafate is usually given by mouth 1-2 hours before or after a meal. The dosage varies depending on your dog’s size, age, and overall health. Make sure to follow the dosage instructions provided by the vet.

How to administer Sucralfate for dogs

It provides better ulcer-protection when given in a liquid or suspension form. Make sure to shake the liquid medication well before giving it. The tablets are soluble in water and can be crushed to make it even more effective. [5]

What to do in case of a missed dose

If a dose is missed, give it as early as possible. However, skip the dose if it is nearly time for the next one. Avoid giving two doses simultaneously to catch up. [1]

Signs of overdose

  • Nausea
  • Indigestion
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain [6]

If you suspect an overdose, immediately contact your veterinarian or call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center Helpline (1-888-426-4435). [2]

Side effects

  • Constipation/diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Allergic reactions including rash, hives, and itching [1, 6, 7]

Consult your vet immediately if your dog experiences any of the above.

When not to give Sucralfate to your dog

Make sure to inform the veterinarian if the dog has any allergies since some of the ingredients in the drug could trigger allergic reactions. Its long-term use is not recommended for dogs with problems of bones, kidneys, and brain. [2, 8]

Possible Drug Interactions

Tell the veterinarian about any medications, vitamins, and supplements you are giving your dog. Drugs like tetracycline, phenytoin, digoxin, fluoroquinolone antibiotics, and cimetidine may interact with sucralfate. [1]

References:

  1. http://www.petmd.com/pet-medication/sucralfate
  2. http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=26+1303&aid=1480
  3. http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/sucralfate-oral-route/description/drg-20066120
  4. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-5254-68/sucralfate-oral/sucralfate—oral/details
  5. http://csu-cvmbs.colostate.edu/vth/documents/pharmacy-sucralfate.pdf
  6. https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a681049.html
  7. http://www.rxlist.com/carafate-suspension-drug.htm
  8. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-14156-535/carafate-oral/sucralfate-suspension—oral/details
  9. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/daf/index.cfm?event=overview.process&ApplNo=074415
  10. https://www.drugs.com/pro/sucralfate.html

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